Species of Wood: Andiroba
Because of the widespread distribution of andiroba (Carapa guianensis) in tropical America, the wood is known under a variety of names, including cedro macho, carapa, crabwood and tangare. These names are also applied to the related species Carapa nicaraguensis, whose properties are generally inferior to those of C. guianensis. The heartwood varies from medium to dark reddish brown. The texture is like that of true mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), and andiroba is sometimes substituted for true mahogany. The grain is usually interlocked but is rated easy to work, paint, and glue. The wood is rated as durable to very durable with respect to decay and insects. Andiroba is heavier than true mahogany and accordingly is markedly superior in all static bending properties, compression parallel to grain, hardness, shear, and durability. On the basis of its properties, andiroba appears to be suited for such uses as flooring, frame construction in the tropics, furniture and cabinetwork, millwork, utility and decorative veneer, and plywood.